Businesses are trying to harness the right data sets and analyze them in the right ways to make good decisions about products, services, customers, suppliers and much more. But BI tools come in so many forms, and the choices can be overwhelming. One of those choices is whether to pursue this business intelligence in-house or utilize new cloud or SaaS BI tools.
This article will attempt to explain what SaaS (software-as-a-service) business intelligence entails, the difference between on-premise and SaaS, some of the pros and cons of choosing a SaaS solution, and how to select the right BI tool for your business.
Software as a service business intelligence is defined as a “delivery model in which applications are implemented outside of a company and usually employed at a hosted location accessed by an end user via protected internet access.” That’s a lot to unpack, so let’s take it piece by piece.
A delivery model or deployment method refers to how a software is hosted. On-premise software is hosted and accessed from servers on your facility, often via an intranet system of some kind.
SaaS software is hosted in the cloud, typically across a number of different servers, and accessed by the users through an internet browser. This can be done on any device with an internet connection or only from authorized endpoints at specific locations.
SaaS systems also typically come with a subscription pricing package where users pay as they go month-to-month. With on-premise software, it’s more typical to pay upfront or yearly to purchase the solution.
Based on SelectHub survey data from 2018, users were pretty open to both on-premise and cloud deployment with 69% of respondents saying they had no preference. Of those who did have a preference, 10% leaned towards SaaS and 23% required it. For on-premise, those numbers were 8% leaning and 8% requiring on-premise deployment. This suggests that SaaS business intelligence tools are becoming more popular among software buyers, an interesting trend that is mirrored in most other software categories as well.
While every system is different, cloud BI systems usually offer a similar core module of features. Some of those features include:
- Interactive Visualizations
- Platform Customization
- Geospatial Integration
- Barcode Generation
- Table Generation
- Drag-and-Drop Interface
- Freehand SQL Command
- Predictive Analytics
- Social Media Analytics
- Web Analytics
- Geolocation Analytics
- Ad-Hoc Analysis
- Trend Indicators
- Profit Analysis
- In-Memory Analysis
- Statistical Analysis
- Data Mining
- Machine Learning
- Data Exploration
- Various Format Export
- Financial Management
- Regulatory Compliance
- Fraud Detection
- Consulting Services
- Big Data Connectors
Benefits and Drawbacks
Vendors are always coming up with more advanced SaaS business intelligence software that can take the place of applications developed or maintained in-house on internal servers. But those shopping around for business intelligence software products should know that there are some benefits and disadvantages to SaaS business intelligence adoption.
Here are some of the pros and cons of using software as a service delivery methods for business intelligence tools:
Flexibility and Scalability
One of the biggest advantages of SaaS BI tools is that companies no longer have to do the hard work of purchasing, installing and maintaining software products in-house. Enterprises that use SaaS business intelligence can skip all kinds of gatekeeping hurdles, such as installation processes, and just enjoy on-demand delivery of the services that they need.
Companies that are customers of SaaS business intelligence vendors can also enjoy different kinds of payment models. Subscription pricing allows companies to just use what they need, again, with on-demand delivery, and get rid of it when it’s no longer necessary. That’s not true with in-house structures where companies have invested in a certain amount of data handling for the long haul. On-premise solutions also come with the cost of an IT team dedicated to keeping it available, a cost handled by the support team of a web-based system.
Companies using some of these business intelligence tools that are available through the cloud can keep fewer staff on hand and avoid purchasing additional servers and hardware. The user also passes the responsibility of providing data security measures on to the product provider, saving money and stress; most web-based solutions are as secure as on-premise ones in the modern age.
Attracting Top Talent
There’s also a case to be made that using the most modern SaaS BI tools can also help a company to develop a good reputation within an industry. In today’s hiring climate, with record lows of unemployment and a dearth of highly educated IT professionals, companies are playing hardball when it comes to hiring and recruiting. One way to attract the best people is to advertise to them that they’ll be working with the best tools — not wasting their abilities trying to tend to garden-variety server systems.
There are potential downsides to SaaS BI tools as well. Here are some of the points that shoppers should think about when considering these types of solutions.
Security and Regulations
One of the obvious disadvantages with any type of SaaS BI tool is that it requires putting sensitive data in the hands of a third party. In heavily regulated fields like medicine and finance, this has the potential to violate central industry commitments to keep data 100% safe and secure. However, to the extent that the vendor can provide security guarantees, SaaS business intelligence may be considered just as safe, or nearly as safe, as going with an in-house system. So this con may be decreasing as web security protocols improve.
There’s also the phenomenon of hidden vendor costs. Pricing may not be as transparent with some SaaS offerings as it should be, and it’s possible for companies to find themselves overspending as a result. Customization, extra modules, even live support often come with extra price tags.
By contrast, companies can always know how much it’s going to cost them to build in-house systems. It’s important to have an in-depth discussion with vendors to avoid pricing miscommunications and other kinds of similar problms.
Lack of Customization
Another potential problem with SaaS business intelligence is the inability to customize it to a particular company’s needs. While many of these services are pretty flexible, there’s obviously a benefit to developing an in-house system that’s proprietary. You build it from the ground up, from scratch, and thus you can make sure it’s completely tailored to the needs of the business. Companies can also get some bragging rights by developing their own systems in-house.
But again, the balance is the cost in terms of time, money and resources. Customization coming from a company often comes with a hefty price tag that isn’t always experienced by users of on-premise solutions who customize the platform themselves.
Lack of Integrations
Some who are critical of using SaaS BI tools also contend that it might become a bit harder to integrate other types of software into an architecture that’s using vendor tools. Today there is a lot of talk about the “API ecosystem” or the use of application program interfaces to patch together parts of a Frankenstein architecture in order to achieve diverse functionality without having data silos or bottlenecks. While integration can be easier on an in-house platform, again, it depends on the particular vendor services and the agreements that are in place.
Most of the downsides of using SaaS BI tools are actually points to consider when shopping for these types of vendor services. Using any easy selection platform can help shoppers to understand how various SaaS BI tools contrast, and how vendors compete for their business. Take a look at all of these systems side by side, and choose what’s best for your enterprise.
Choosing the right tool requires a sophisticated approach to IT architecture and the ability to define what kinds of resources are going to do the most for a business or provide better returns on investment, while also offering ease of use and scalability. Whether you choose a SaaS BI tool or an on-premise one, follow these steps to make sure the choie is the right one for your business:
The first step is to identify which of the many capabilities of business intelligence software you need to utilize, and which are the most important. Different industries, different sized organizations and different deployments all impact which tools you will use, and accurately identifying your requirements is the best way to get an understanding for how much a system will cost you as most SaaS systems are priced by feature.
This BI requirements template will walk you through what features there are to choose from, what they do and which might be most important for your business.